History of the faculty

Faculty of architecture of Saint Petersburg state university of architecture and civil engineering continued the traditions of the Architecture school affiliated to the Academy of arts in 1830. Later in 1842 this Architecture school together with the School of civil engineers (established in 1832) became a basis for establishing the Engineering school reorganized into the Institute of civil engineers in 1882.

Pre-revolutionary period

Post-revolutionary period

Pre-war period

Post-war period

Faculty today

In the 20th century faculty of architecture (urban engineering faculty) was headed by numerous great professors and architects who had a great impact on the theoretical and practical development of the Russian architecture and paid much attention to improvement of the methodology for training future architects. After the Great Patriotic war deans of the faculty were L.K. Abramov (1946-1948), B.V. Muraviev (1948-1951), A.Ya. Staheev (1960-1964), A.M. Sokolov (1964-1969), B.V. Muraviev (1969-1980), V.K. Sveshnkov (1980-1987), V.A. Nefedov (1987-2007).

History of the faculty of architecture shows that there always were two main education programme: architectural design of residential, public and industrial buildings and urban design engineering. Civil engineering institute’s distinctive feature was the training closely connected with the architectural practical activity due to specialists working in design studios of the city. Moreover students carry out architectural projects based on the real urban design problems. The oldest chair of the faculty of architecture is the chair of architectural design headed by A.A. Yunger, A.A. Ol, V.A. Kamensky, associate professor N.N. Bashnin, professor B.V. Muraviev (since 1979).

Chair of architecture history was directed by professors I.B. Mikhailovskiy, V.I. Yakovlev, N.F. Khomutetsky, associate professor Yu.S. Ushakov; chair of drawing and painting was headed by N.A. Tyrsa, N.L. Podberesky, V.N. Taleporovsky, professor L.K. Abramov.

Chair of urban design (the first in our country) was established and directed by professor A.P. Ivanitsky, later the chair was headed by professor V.A. Witman, associate professor A.A. Afonchenko and professor A.I. Naumov. Such well-known architects as L.M. Tverskoy, E.I. Katonin, V.V. Danilov, T.B. Dubiago and others worked at this chair. The academic courses “Urban design art” and “Urban design engineering” which were formed by the chair are an inherent part of the education programme of the faculty of architecture.

In addition to training of architects specializing in design of unique buildings and structures the faculty started training urban architects in order to meet the needs of the intensively developing construction industry.

Leading chairs of the faculty participated in working upon a range of problems in architecture as a science.

A considerable contribution to architecture history as a science was made by professors G.G. Grimm, V.I. Piliavsky, V.N. Tamporovsky, N.F. Khomutetsky. Many works in architecture and urban design were published after the Great Patriotic War by A.I. Naumof, V.I. Piliavsky, N.F. Khomutetsky, G.N. Buldakov and others. It is N.V. Baranov whose activity was more active: he published such great works as “Modern urban design”, “Composition of the city centre” and etc. Especially important are the works in industrial architecture made by the alumni and professors of the Civil engineering institute V.L. Gofman and L.A. Serk. 

Development of industrial methods of large-panel casting in house-building was greatly affected by alumni of the Institute of architects A.V. Vasiliev, E.M. Poltoratsky, I.N. Kuskov and others. Works made by alumni of Leningrad civil engineering institute in 1960-1970 as before were connected not only with Leningrad, but also with other cities and regions of the country. They also built such cities as Navoi (Uzbekistan) and Shevchenko (Kazakhstan), Sosnovy Bor (Leningrad region); there was designed a project of Academic town in Novosibirsk. Projects designed by alumni of the Institute were introduced in Tashkent, Kishinev, Frunze (Bishkek), Dushanbe, Vladivostok, Khabarovsk, new cities in regions of Baikal and Amur and Western Siberia.

Series 137 became highly popular in housing; this series was created by alumni of the Institute of civil engineering in LenNIIproekt studio under the supervision of I.N. Kuskov. Work upon design new subway stations was carried out by alumni of the Institute of civil engineering N.V. Kamensky (subway stations “Moskovskaya”, “Polytekhnicheskaya”), L.P. Lavrov, V.G. Shishkov, T.V. Shishkova (subway station “Ploschad Alehandro Nevskogo”), A.K. Kamaldinov, I.I. Kamaldinova (subway station “Elizarovskaya”), G.N. Buldakov, L.E. Kiselgof (subway station “Grazhdansky prospect”), N.N. Bashnin, E.I. Travnikov (subway station “Gorkovskaya”) and etc. 

After the Great Patriotic War alumni of the Institute participated in construction of the following buildings in Leningrad: concert hall “Oktiabrsky” (V.A. Kamensky), sports hall “Yubileiny” (G.P. Morozov, I.P. Suslikov and others), sports and concert complex named after V.I. Lenin (N.V. Baranov, I.M. Chaiko, F.N. Yakovlev, G.A. Minenkova, A.P. Morozov, O.A. Kurbatov, Yu.A. Eliseev, V.D. Belov and others), ensemble on the Victory square with a Monument to Heroic Defenders of Leningrad (architects S.B. Speransky, V.A. Kamensky, M.K. Anikushin), hotel “Pribaltiyskaya” (architect N.N. Baranov (supervisor), S.I. Evdokimov, V.I. Kovaleva, engineer P.F. Panfilov), houses of the big residential complex at the south-west of Leningrad (architect E.M. Poltoratskiy, N.N. Vasiliev, and others). E.M. Poltoratskiy was one of the first architects who used coloured compositions in finishing of residential complexes. 

Main role in creating the architectural look of the western part of Vassil island refers to alumni of the Institute: chief engineer of the city G.N. Buladkov, architects N.Z. Baranov, N.V. Baranov, A.I. Naumov, S.I. Evdokimov, N.N. Bashnin, and others.

Chairs of the faculty of architecture took part in competitions for design of city centres in Ulyanovsk, Cheliabinsk, Nadym, reconstruction of the historic centre in Leningrad. Chief architects of Leningrad were alumni of the Institute L.A. Ilyin, N.V. Baranov, V.A. Kamensky, G.N. Buldakov. Directors of main architecture authorities of Leningrad and Leningrad region were alumni of the faculty of architecture B.P. Usanov and B.G. Mashin.

Among chief architects of the former USSR republics and large cities there were graduates of Leningrad civil engineering institute: D.V. Brums (Tallinn, Estonia), V.P. Mikuchanis (Riga, Latvia), M.S. Davlatov (Tashkent, Uzbekistan), V.F. Ivanov (Baku, Azerbaijan), M.P. Muksinov (Frunze, now Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan), V.G. Veselovsky (Dushanbe, Tajikistan), E.I. Kireev (Kaluga) and etc.

Most graduates of the Institute were confined honorary titles. People’s architects of the USSR were N.B. Baranov, B.R. Rubanenko, V.A. Kamensky; honorary architects of the former USSR republics were professor of the Institute B.V. Muraviev, A.I. Naumov, V.I. Piliavsky and alumni of the Institute L.E. Ass, A.F. Akunin, N.N. Bashnin, L.K. Vertousov, D.S. Goldgor, A.I. Goritsky, I.N. Kuskov, A.V. Vasiliev, S.I. Evdokimov, G.N. Buldakov, Ya.N. Lukin, B.G. Mashin, I.B. Orlov, T.N. Safonova, N.I. Simonov, M.I. Levin, L.A. Timofeev, E.B. Fedorov, A.F. Shutov, S.S. Tseliaritsky, and B.N. Nazarov.

Full-fledged members of the Academy of Arts of the USSR in 1979 became graduates of the Institute N.V. Baranov and B.R. Rubanenko, corresponding members became G.N. Buldakov and G.A. Zakharov. On the basis of the projects made by professors and graduates of the Institute (A.I. Naumov, V.F. Khrushchev, S.I. Sokolov, A.L. Veller, V.A. Golosov, R.V. Prokopov and others) there were carried out several important projects for a number of socialist and developing countries.

Since the University was established education in architecture was based on traditional combination of engineering knowledge and professional training in art. Leading specialists working in main projects companies and scientific research institutes of our city were invited for teaching future specialists in the university. Due to this traditionally organized academic process training is inherently connected with practice and provides highly qualified architects. The faculty has always been focused on using new approaches so that to provide architecture objects of high quality, timely introduction of the most up-to-date engineering and technical achievement into urban building practice. Today the faculty takes into account all changes in the contents and approaches of architectural education adopted not only in our country, but also abroad. As a result the faculty has been successfully integrated in the system of European education space.


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