26 June 2020

Graduates of Natalia Yass’s architectural studio create a comfortable living environment

Graduates of the Department of Architectural Design, studying at the workshop of Associate Professor Natalia Yass, focused their attention on the use of low-rise urban buildings of high density as one of the options for humanization and increasing the artistic expressiveness of the living environment. 

Проект ученицы петербургского гасу Яны Пяткиной

Yana Pyatkina’s design project

Яна Пятника из Петербургского ГАСУ

Yana Pyatkina

Bachelor’s degree student Yana Pyatkina created a design project for a residential quarter on the territory of the former Lenexpo exhibition complex, located in the southwestern part of Vasilievsky Island. From the south and west, the territory is limited by the Galernaya Haven embankment, from the north by Skipersky Protok Street, and from the south by Nalichnaya Street. The idea of ​​the project is to create an experimental residential module with an internal street, which, stretching parallel to the embankment and repeating its contour, forms a low-rise residential area of high density.

According to the author, the widespread development of huge, out of human proportion arrays nearly identical buildings is an acute problem of urban development and, therefore, a social problem of our country. Yana sought to find and apply a residential development scheme that could serve as an alternative to the existing concept of designing residential areas, when the formal solution of the general plan is focused on the only goal: to accommodate as many buildings of the maximum number of floors on a particular area as possible.

“The main thing in working on the design is, of course, having an interesting idea. And for its further implementation, the development of a spatial planning solution and the work with regulatory requirements are equally important. But the most exciting, and at the same time the most difficult part is the search for the visual embodiment of the object. There are no ready-made recipes; each time this process proceeds in its own way,” said Yana. 

The graduate’s design is an exemplary alternative solution to multi-storey housing: for residents, it creates a comfortable environment for individual houses, and from a town-planning point of view, the population density is quite high, which is more compact and more economical than cottage development.

“The main idea of ​​the design and its space-planning solution are dictated by the desire to create a large-scale and comfortable environment on the territory of the block, reminiscent of the streets of a historical city in its spatial characteristics. The project is very interesting, its theme is very relevant, and it has been executed at the highest level! ” - Natalia Yass believes. 

Проект ученицы петербургского гасу Валерии Капитоновой

Valeria Kapitonova’s design project: a bird’s-eye view of the developed area

Валерия Капитонова из Петербургского ГАСУ

Valeria Kapitonova

Graduate of a Master’s degree program Valeria Kapitonova created a design project for a residential complex that includes public and business facilities on the territory of the former Ilyicha plant on the Vyborg side. The author revised the principles of organizing residential development and formed an optimal functional planning and spatial solution of a residential complex with the integration of public and business functions in the former industrial territory.

“Such an approach as the integration of social and business functions in residential blocks has long been known both in Russia and in Europe. In St. Petersburg of the pre-revolutionary era, entrepreneurs used to work in the same place where they lived, having a store on the ground floor or an office in the apartment itself. Today, business complexes, business apartments have regained their relevance, but only a few examples of new concepts of combining housing and work have been implemented,” said Valeria.

The design project is a complex consisting of blocked and sectional houses with 3–12 floors with the integration of public and business functions at different urban and planning levels. The implementation of project proposals will help to create a more comfortable and scale-up environment for a person, maximally revealing the town-planning and imaginative potential of this area. 

“The transformation of the former industrial territories of the gray belt of historical cities is one of the most urgent problems of urban development. In Russia and, in particular, in St. Petersburg, specialists are looking for possible solutions to this problem, with the account of the specifics of the country and the city; climatic, historical, social, economic and other features are taken into account. This work is aimed at finding new models of residential complexes, taking into account the evolution of urban planning principles and the changed rhythm of human life.

The site for designing was chosen not by chance, since this territory has a great potential for transport accessibility. Here are concentrated objects that perform a public function with a commercial focus. The site is included in the project for the integrated development of industrial territories of the Vyborg side. The design provides for a change in the transport grid, a new survey of the blocks (according to public business and residential purposes), the formation of a continuous green carcass, and the construction of sections of the embankment accessible for pedestrians. 

The work done by the graduate of the Master’s degree program is notable for the large scale of the design project; the architectural solutions are made at a high professional level. This FQW deserves an excellent score,” says Natalia Yass.

As Natalia Yass pointed out, according to the results of defending of Yana Pyatkina and Valeria Kapitonova’s FQws, they were recognized among the best in the graduation groups: Valeria ranked third among undergraduates, Yana Pyatkina became the first of the Bachelor’s degree students.. 

 


Text: Tatyana Petrova

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