13 July 2020

Graduates of the Department of Architectural and Urban Planning Heritage have developed non-standard options for the renovation of historic buildings

The Department of Architectural and Urban Planning Heritage trains specialists in the field of restoration and protection of historical and cultural monuments, reconstruction of the historical environment. The final qualification works developed by students are highly appreciated by specialists in the field of restoration and reconstruction and can be implemented.

Пример дипломной работы архитектурный факультет титулСеверный форт карта

Alexandra Kanankina’s FQW: the First Northern Fort

The theme of Alexandra Kanankina’s FQW is “Restoration and adaptation of the 1st Northern Fort in Kronstadt”. According to Alexandra, her task was to adapt the object of cultural heritage of federal significance to modern use.

“Recently, interest in Kronstadt has been growing,” says Alexandra Kanankina. “More and more forts are being leased to private enterprises to restore facilities and increase interest in the history of naval defense of St. Petersburg. But the 1st Northern Fort is still beyond the attention of private and public investors. Despite the pedestrian accessibility and convenient location, it is getting more and more destroyed every year. The fort urgently needs to be preserved and reinforced.

In my project, I propose to adapt the 1st Northern Fort to a museum and various exhibition spaces; on the upper level of the fort, I have planned walking paths, benches, as well as a wooden stage and a summer café with frame metal canopies in the form of sails. I proposed to landscape territory, including the fort dam and dirt road along the Ring Road, to create an extended public space, to develop the recreational functions of the area.

The museum, linked with sea excursions, will immerse tourists in the history of forts and help to convey the rich history of Kronstadt to the next generations. The restoration of the fort will serve as an example of how other Kronstadt forts could be adapted for modern use and make you think about preserving the cultural heritage,” concludes Alexandra.

Северный форт план подробныйПлан 19 века северный форт

Alexandra Kanankina’s FQW: general view of the fort; fort plan

Работа выпускницы реставратора СПбГАСУ

Alexandra Kanankina’s FQW: current fort status

According to one of the supervisors of Alexandra Kanankina’s FQW, professor Ekaterina Wozniak, Doctor of Architecture, from the Department of Architectural and Urban Planning Heritage, the restoration of Kronstadt forts is a painful topic for St. Petersburg. Forts are a landmark of the city, monuments of cultural heritage and are protected by the state. Nevertheless, at present they are not used; in fact, they are not protected and are quickly destroying. At the same time, the 1st Northern Fort is the most accessible, most frequently visited, since it is connected with Kronstadt by a bulk dam.

- “Alexandra collected large archival and bibliographic material to work on the project. Thanks to the collected documents and her own field surveys, she was able to understand the system of underground and aboveground military structures. The design project is distinguished by thoughtfulness, realism and completeness of development,” says Ekaterina Wozniak.

Проект реновации ВКРПример проекта реновации СПб

Anna Khvatova’s FQW: a map of the historical center of St. Petersburg; renovation project of the "Nevsky" recreation center (option 2)

Anna Khvatova performed her FQW on the theme "The concept of renovation of the Nevsky Palace of Culture and the adaptation of the surrounding area."

“The gray belt of St. Petersburg is an important and difficult area that requires immediate decisions on renovation,” says Anna. – “In my design project, I proposed a path that can be used in resolving this issue. The Nevsky Palace of Culture is located two kilometers away from the borders of the historical center, on #32 Obukhovskoi Oborony Ave. This is a historical place where the avenue becomes part of the Neva embankment. But going beyond the historical center, we see desolation and abandoned buildings. HC "Nevsky" has not been in use for over ten years and it is rapidly collapsing. In my opinion, this building is a prototype of modern architecture: it is solid, human-scale and concise.

On the developed area there are two objects of cultural heritage of regional significance: the Provisions warehouse (architect V.P. Stasov) and the Caretaker's House (architect unknown). Nevsky Palace of Culture was designed by architect E. A. Levinson with the participation of Yu. I. Zemtsov in the style of Soviet functionalism,” Anna continues.

Реновационный проект университетРабота выпускника петербургского ГАСУ

Anna Khvatova’s design: option 2; existing master plan of the study area

Работа выпускницы реноватора СПбГАСУ

Anna Khvatova’s FQW Anna Khvatova: HC Nevsky today

The graduate has developed two variants of a recreation center. The first option is that historical beautification is being restored, the recreation center overhauled, the auditorium and foyer are expanded, color stained-glass windows are installed on the facades, two outbuildings with the function of the exhibition spaces are designed. In addition, the project provides for descent to the water.

In the implementation of the second option, a complete reconstruction of the building takes place: the extension of new lateral volumes, the reconstruction of the hall based on modern requirements, and the construction of a terrace-descent to the water as a new public space.

– “The topic chosen by Anna is extremely relevant for St. Petersburg,” says one of the supervisors of the graduation project, Ekaterina Wozniak. “The Nevsky Palace of Culture was the center of the informal culture of Leningrad. Until the end of the 20th century, concerts and discos took place here, and circles worked. Now you can see here broken glass, dirty facades of a gigantic building, undeveloped territory. The palace is disconnected from communications and being gradually destroyed. All this happens on the banks of the Neva, on one of the most important routes of the city, near its historical center.

There is a large community in the city, requiring the restoration of this palace of culture.

Anna analyzed international experience in preserving and renovating the houses of culture of the socialist era in Europe. There, similar palaces are successfully redesigned into modern theater and concert venues by expanding and significantly changing the auditoriums, as well as updating the facades..

The graduate has developed two versions of the project, and both of them are interesting. The first option is aimed at preserving the existing architectural solution, the second seems more revolutionary: it involves the creation of a modern concert hall and public space,” summarizes Ekaterina Wozniak.

Text: Elena Shulgina

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